Watt Pottery History
The Watt Pottery started in 1922 was operated by the Watt family of Perry County Ohio. The pottery was started on the site of the old Burley Pottery factory in Crooksville Ohio. The watt Pottery remained in business from 1922 to 1965 when the factory was destroyed by fire and never rebuilt.
At the beginning the pottery manufactured stoneware crocks, butter churns, preserve jars and jugs. These were marked with an eagle or an acorn stamped in blue with the size marked in a circle, usual measured in gallons.
The company final dropped the stoneware line in favor of more modern oven wares as the market decreased for the churns and other pottery slowly going out of use. The earliest of these oven wares were not well defined and identified.
In the late forties the pottery was focused on the kitchen ware glazed in solid colors with patterns called moon and stars, arcs, loops and diamond and grooves. All of these names were given by collectors and not the company. the items that were marked in the forties were, “MADE IN THE U.S.A.”, “OVEN WARE”, or the bowl size was present.
Most pieces of Watt ware are well marked. The marks are large, often covering the entire bottom of the piece. They usually consist of one or more concentric rings deeply impressed into the bottom. The words, “Watt” and “Oven Ware U.S.A.” are impressed as well, although some pieces have only one phrase, not both. Classic Patterns often feature a script “Watt” with no circles. Most pieces also have the mold number impressed in the center, making identification easy. The pieces which were not marked are the ice bucket (all patterns), and the Apple dinner plates.
In 1949, the Watt Pottery began hand decorating its wares. The patterns are simple in nature, with as few brush strokes as possible to allow low production costs. The pieces were decorated by teams of three decorators. The bright colors against the deep cream clay give Watt Pottery its unique country appeal.
The first hand decorated patterns are called the “Classic Patterns” and were produced from 1949 until about 1953. They are: Rio Rose, Moonflower, Dogwood, White Daisy, and Cross-Hatch.
The hand decorated patterns favored by today’s collectors and their introduction dates are as follows:
Starflower – 1951
Apple – 1952
Cherry – 1952
Silhouette – 1953
Rooster – 1955
Dutch Tulip – 1956
American Red Bud (Tear Drop) – 1957
Morning Glory – 1958
Autumn Foliage – 1959
Double Apple – 1959
Tulip – 1961
The last new pattern was the Kathy Kale Royal Dutch pattern introduced just before the fire in 1965 that destroyed the manufacturing plant. Only a few pieces were manufactured and they were sold through Kroger’s stores.
The pottery had close to a hundred patterns and over four hundred molds during their time of producing pottery.